Since 1890, the process of making dolls from rough blocks of wood to a uniquely beautiful work of art has been recognized the world over. It is a very meticulous process, and greatly relies on the wood turning skills of Russian craftsmen. Made from oak or birch wooden blocks, the wood is turned about 15 times in the hands of a turner before becoming a finished doll. At that stage, the blank nesting dolls are hand-painted by specially trained artists with the brightest colors and the highest attention to detail. Due to the high amount of precision and the complexity of design that go into making babushka dolls, machines cannot be used at any stage of the process.